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"waayadii hore soohdinta Itoobiya badda ayay ku sinnayd, hase ahaatee kolkii ay weydey awood ku filan oo ay wax isaga caabbido, xoogagga kiristaanka ahina ay wax kaalmo ah taaran waayeen ayay soohdimahayagii badda gaarsiisnaan jirey waxay u gacan-galeen quwado muslin ah"
Menelek II: April 10, 1891... Akhri...

Xuseen Maxamed Faarax Ceydiid Ra'iisul-wasaare K/xigeenka ahna Wasiirka Arrimaha Gudaha DFKMG ee lagu soo dhisay Nairobi oo Magaalada Muqdisho dhawr maalmood kadib markii ay qabsadeen ciidamada Ethiopia kula hadalyey odayaal dhaqameedyo ayaa  sheegay in la baabi'inayo Xadka Soomaaliya oo lala midaynayo Ethiopia, oo Hal Ciidan ay yeelanayaan, Hal dhaqaale yeelanayaan, hal Baasaboor ay qaadanayaan Soomaalida iyo Itoobiyaanku.
Xuseen Caydiid: Jan 2, 2007.. Akhri..

Ciidamo Itoobiyaan ah oo harsanaya Geed-hindi;  Muqdisho Jan 4, 2007.  AFP

abdirsaqQoraalkii  uu C/Risaaq Xaaji Xuseen  2002  Ka Qoray Faragelinta ay Itoobiya Ku Hayso Arrimaha Gudaha ee Soomaaliya, kaas oo ku aadan arrimaha Maanta taagan.. Akhri

Meles Zenawi: Hadalkii Diinaari ee Sarbeebta ahaa oo aan Soomaalidu fahmin iyo Xuseen Caydiid oo ah fikirka Saxda ah iyo Qorshaha/Hindisaha/Aragtida ama VISION-ka dhabta ah ee Dawladda... Akhri...

President Abdullahi Yusuf's Government: Allot of Challenges and Extraordinary Opportunities

By Mahdi Haile

Somalia on Monday January 8, 2007the Presdent of Somali Transitional Government of Mr Abduallhi Yusuf began the process of regaining the government historical Seat the Villa Somali former Sida Bare residency. As the first elected Warlord president in Somalia, President Abduallhi Yusuf made history for himself, for the first in 40 years in coming back to Mogadishu. However, the President must now contend with major challenges. The president also has an incredible opportunity to change Somalia for the better. I briefly discuss these daunting challenges and extraordinary opportunities.

Daunting challenges in Somalia

The challenges facing President Yusuf is without any doubt, daunting.

First, there is an unbelievable high expectation that more than 16 years of civil war and rot, political instability, war and destruction will be overcome quickly. Expectations are so high that it is difficult for the new government to have the support and trust t with peple in Mogadishu.

Second, Somalis's basic infrastructure, for all intents and purposes, is destroyed. Water, sanitary services, electricity and roads have borne the brunt of more than 16 years of brutal wars and bad governance.

Third, reconciliation and rehabilitation efforts in Somalia have at best being tentative and largely infective in the last two years. Thousands of Moryaan, children, soldiers are yet to begin schooling or become integrated into the society. Demobilization of battle hardened former government and rebel fighters have at best, being spurious. Somali are still scattered outside of the country..

Fourth, the hydra-headed monsters of corruption, according to published reports, remain alive and well in Somalia, even during the TFG government. This is against a backdrop of a country that had witnessed extraordinary suffering of its citizens and the complete collapse of its infrastructure.

Fifth, a generation of Somali children have grown up and become young adults without an extended period of peace, extended period of schooling and extended period of socialization within familial and community surroundings. All that these children but now young adults have known are the horrors of war. A country with a history of Nomad life and Stewardship and good education in 70s and eights may now have a generation that never experienced normal family upbringing and age-appropriate education. A non socialized and non educated generation may cause irreparable damage to the future political, economic, social and cultural stability of a country.

Sixth, poisonous Clanisam now a way of life in Somalia. Experiences from the civil war in the last Sixteen years show that ethnicisam and tribalism remains an intractable foe of cohesive, national development and renaissance.

Seventh, Somalia will have to create a modern, apolitical national army and police force. A major issue is the role of combatants active during the war years. Another concern will be ethnic and criminal militias who have perfected the techniques for guerrilla warfare and can resurrect an insurgency at moments notice.

Eight, President Abdulaahi Yusuf's government will have to share power with its rivals , moderates and civil society through good Governance. Sooner rather than later, differences of opinion will arise regarding project priorities, feasibility, cost efficiency and cost effectiveness.

Ninth, HIV/AIDS Could be increasingly become a major threat to Somalia with Arrival of peace keepers from African countries who may be infected HIV infections, and will likely fuel a rise in the incidence of HIV transmission. Other diseases such as TB and Malaria will remain major problems as the nation begins its long recovery and citizens begin to regain control of their lives.

Despite these challenges, the president and PM Gedi have incredible opportunities in his favor to change the fortunes of Somalis. What are these opportunities?

Incredible Opportunities to Change Somalia.

A) the atmosphere and the Situation favors a dynamic president Prime Minster and his cabinet. Somalia with 15 million people and a relatively small country is not a "huge" country like Sudan or Ethiopia, but a hardworking government, relentlessly focused on the welfare of its citizens should be in a striking position to meet the needs of its people.

B) Now the government has only A non-renewable tenure of two more years. is long enough to lay solid foundation for governance in Somalia and make life much easier for Somalis. this non-renewable tenure must minimize the influence of professional sycophants that often reach the heights of their powers during periods of political instability and wars. These sycophants have made their living in many African countries by knowing how to stroke the omnipotent fantasies of sit-tight leaders. As long as this government maintains its stand on a non-renewable term of her 2 more yeras, it would free itself up to concentrate on the urgent task of rebuilding Somalia and rehabilitating Somalis.

C) The government can end government corruption by steadfastly implementing a policy that makes the public sector "non-lucrative" for its leaders and staff. As long the government remains the dominant sector and the most "lucrative" segment of the economy, corruption and misappropriation of national resources will flourish. The government has the opportunity to make government operations completely transparent in Somalia by providing regular information on operational revenues and expenditures; publicly publishing the assets and liabilities of senior public officers, and, updating this information on a regular basis; setting up verifiable performance benchmarks for government operations and making this information available to all stakeholders; providing opposition parties with timely information so that they can discharge their function as watchdogs of the government; empowering civil society organizations to closely monitor government operations; encouraging freedom of the press, including investigative journalism; appointing independent anti-fraud units and auditors for government operations, and, publicizing their findings; and, ensuring that local or parliamentary elections after two years of Manifestation of free and fair Elections.

A streamlined, focused and reliable public sector can assist political leaders meet their mandate regarding peace and security and the rehabilitation of refugees and former combatants. A reliable civil service will also be a critical player in encouraging local and external private sector entrepreneurs and investors to stay for the long haul. Government's oversight of critical extractive industries will also depend on reliable civil service.

D) The government should focus relentlessly on two issues (1) restoring or creating basic infrastructure and (2) creating optimal regulatory environment during its tenure. Somalis for the next six years will benefit maximally from a government laser-beam focus on restoring electricity supply, providing pipe-borne water to all parts of the country, and, building and maintaining urban and rural roads. The government should also focus on restoring public safety services, rebuilding or constructing new primary and secondary schools, restoring the University of Gahayr to its hitherto enviable status and revamping or constructing health centers and hospitals. This focus on construction activities will also allow the new government to meet one of its cherished goals: creating jobs for able bodied men and women so that they can support their families and restore civility to their communities.

In addition, a crucial role of the government in the next few years is to create enabling policy and legal environments for public and private sector activities. The government should create enabling legal environment of streamlined laws and work on avenues for ensuring equal access to justice; create an efficient and honest civil service; encourage private enterprise, small, medium and large; empower opposition parties to function without harassment so that they can fulfill their role as checks and balances on the government in power; and, mobilize civil society organizations and community-based organizations to become critical stakeholders in national development.

E) Somalis in the Diaspora should become strategic partners in Government's individual and private sector initiative to accelerate development. As one of the most distinguished Somali immigrants in the West in the last two decades, the president knows a thing or two about the strengths of his compatriots in the Diaspora. Creating opportunities for Somalis in the Diaspora to complete individual projects, safeguard personal investments in the country, create private sector generating jobs and bring major corporations to Somalia to set up factories and service delivery facilities should be an important focus of the government. The key is to create conducive environments for Somalis in the Diaspora to maximize their potential in the urgent task of nation building.

F) Create a modern national army and police force that is well educated, representative of various tribal groups in the country and completely untainted from the past era of impunity. This is a critical opportunity for the government to create an apolitical, loyal and honest security apparatus that will respect the constitution, enforce laws and obey legitimate orders. This is an once-in-a-lifetime opportunity to create a modern army and police force that could be the model for many African countries.

G) The government can rebuild the healthcare system in Somalia to a world class standard. The healthcare system in Somalia is almost completely destroyed.

The government has the opportunity to develop and implement a new health system from the ground-up that is anchored on (1) strong public health system (2) effective clinical care system, and (3) community mobilization/outreach system. The new healthcare system will reflect the felt (not perceived) needs of Somalis and should include health personnel conversant with the health needs of Somalis. The new health system should also aim to meet quality standards associated with best systems around the world. The outcome a strong and effective health system is that Somalis will be better prepared to deal with menace of HIV/AIDS, TB, Malaria and other infectious diseases; meet the obstetrics needs of Somali women; meet the infant and child health needs of the youngest


Somalia faces a long road ahead. The journey to a stable, secure and effective state is not going to be easy. The President must recognize and respect the will of the people and he needs to tell the people to make Ethiopian troops leave Somalia soon. The honeymoon is going to be short as long suffering Somalis look for verifiable dividends of their hard fought battle for peace. The government at this time has international support to return Somalia to its glory years. All Somalis should join hands and work together to enable the proud nation regains its natural position as a trail blazer in East Africa.

Contact: Mahdi Haile
Executive Director
Center For Somali Solutions & Unity
Phone: 612-871-6411

Afeef: Aragtida qoraalkan waxaa leh qiraaga ju saxiiixan


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